Once source mentions 14-gauge stainless steel.
- Global Tech Engineering sells stainless elbows at a reasonable price. (e.g. 1.5" 304 stainless 45-degree elbow, 7.5" length, $5.65)
This thread states that most exhaust headers are made of 304 stainless, but the poster suggests 304l or 321/347 instead.
More information from the same thread:
A drawback to 304 is that when welded (heat sensitized) it is
susceptible to intergranular corrosion if exposed to road salt. And it doesn't take much salt or very lengthy exposure to cause a part failure. 304L seeks to minimize this effect by reducing the amount of carbon in the alloy, with some success. 321 doesn't have this drawback, nor do the much less expensive stabilized ferritic alloys such as 409 and 439.
All of these have much greater elevated-temperature strength yield strength than do any carbon steels.
This page says:
Stainless steel alloys usually have a chromium content of a least 10%. Stainless steel base metals are grouped primarily into three classes depending on their crystal structure; austenitic (such as 302, 304, 308, 316, etc.), martensitic (such as 410, and 416), and ferritic (such as 409, and 430.). Austenitic grades are also available with a lowered carbon content (designated with an "L", such as 304L or 316L.)